Bagan is one of the most ancient cities that exists in Myanmar (previously known as Burma). Situated on the banks of the Ayeyarwady River, Bagan is in central Myanmar, southwest of Mandalay. Holy sites are a common sighting around Old Bagan. Bagan Archaeological Area compromises of over 2,000 Buddhist monuments towering over the stretch of green Terrain. Here’s a list of a couple of things to do while you visit this ancient city:
The pagodas in Myanmar are worldwide famous. However, there are a few normal temples that exist till date. The Ananda Pagoda, is a single storey structure. Bagan is a very Ancient City and can easily rival Ankor Wat of Cambodia. It still stands upright after hundreds of years and iscurrently one of the four surviving temples in Bagan.
The Pagoda is a graceful and symmetrical structured with the hint of Greek layout. One of the notable feature is the gilded top called Sikhara, placed on the centre of the building. The architecture of pagoda reflects the influence of the Indian craftmanship.
Four magnificent standing Buddha is placed within the centre of the Ananda Pagoda. The teak woodden 9½ meters tall gilded images represent the four previous Buddhas that have reached Nirvana.
This is another example of the holiness and antiqueness of Bagan. King Anawrahta built Shwesandaw Pagoda after his conquest of Thaton in 1057. The pagoda contains a series of five terraces, topped with a cylindrical stupa, which has a bejewelled umbrella.
The pagoda supposedly consists of Buddha hair, it was brought back from Thaton. Earthquake in 1957 toppled the top part of the pagoda. One can easily spot the “Top” lying far away from the compound.
Before people were allowed to climb up the terrace of pagoda, the view of sunset of Bagan was enchanting. Now, the stairways are closed to keep the pagoda safe & in good shape.
This is one of the oldest and the largest temples ever built in Bagan, apart from Ananda Pagoda. It is massive and features Buddhist culture in the form of Buddha statues, walkways and even shrines.
The 12th century temple is infamous for it’s mysterious, bricked inner pathways and cruel history. King Narathu built the temple to atone for his sins. He killed his father & brother and executed one of his wives for praticing Hindu rituals.
Also locally known as the Sabbannu or “The Omniscient”, the Thatbyinnyu Temple is a renowned temple of Bagan. Compared to several other ancient buildings, this was built a little late around the 12th century. The Thatbyinnyu Pagoda with a height of just over 60 meters, the pagoda is one of the highest monuments of Bagan. The ornate details and recending terrace enhance the beauty of Thatbyunnyu Temple, located right adjacent to Ananda Temple.
In 1975, earthquake damaged the temple heavily. Since, then the terrace of the Pagoda is closed to public to keep it in good health & safety.
The Sulamani Temple
The Sulamani Temple is a Buddhist temple located in the village of Minnanthu in Burma. One of the most popular temple in Bagan. King Narapatisithu built the magnificent pagoda in 1183 similar to Thatbyunnyu Temple architecture.
For passionate travellers who want to dive into a beautiful culture and step back into the past few centuries, then Bagan must be on your Bucket List.